Dr. Reshad Kurrimbukus

OVERVIEW

Rheumatoid arthritis is a long-term inflammatory condition that affects more than your joints. The illness can harm a range of body systems in some people, including the skin, eyes, lungs, heart, and blood vessels.

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which your immune system assaults your own body’s tissues.

Rheumatoid arthritis, unlike osteoarthritis, impacts the lining of your joints, causing a painful swelling that can eventually lead to bone degradation and joint deformity.

Rheumatoid arthritis causes inflammation, which can cause harm to other regions of the body. Despite the fact that new types of drugs have greatly improved treatment choices, severe rheumatoid arthritis can still cause physical limitations.

Symptoms

The following are some signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis:

Joints that are tender, heated, and swollen

Morning stiffness and inactivity are the most common causes of joint stiffness.

Fever, fatigue, and a loss of appetite

Smaller joints, such as the joints that connect your fingers to your hands and your toes to your feet, are often the first to be affected by early rheumatoid arthritis.

Wrists, knees, ankles, elbows, hips, and shoulders are frequently impacted as the condition advances. Symptoms appear in the same joints on both sides of your body in the majority of cases.

 

More Symptoms

About 40% of patients with rheumatoid arthritis also have indications and symptoms that aren’t related to their joints. The following are some of the areas that could be affected:

Skin
Eyes 
Lungs
Heart 
Kidneys
Glands of the salivary
Tissue of the nerves
Marrow from the bones
Arteries and veins

The severity of rheumatoid arthritis symptoms might vary, and they can come and go. Flares, or periods of heightened disease activity, alternate with remissions, or periods when the swelling and pain lessen or cease. Rheumatoid arthritis causes joints to distort and shift out of place over time.

Causes

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune illness that affects the joints. In a normal state, your immune system aids in the protection of your body against infection and disease. Your immune system assaults healthy tissue in your joints when you have rheumatoid arthritis. It can also impact your heart, lungs, nerves, eyes, and skin, among other things.

Doctors aren’t sure what triggers this process, although it appears to have a hereditary component. While your genes do not cause rheumatoid arthritis, they can make you more susceptible to environmental conditions that can start the disease, such as infection with certain viruses and bacteria.

Risk Factor

Rheumatoid arthritis can be caused by a number of factors, including:

It’s all about you. Rheumatoid arthritis is more common in women than in men.

Age. Rheumatoid arthritis can strike at any age, but it most typically strikes people in their forties and fifties.

History of the family. If someone in your family has rheumatoid arthritis, you may be at a higher risk of developing it.

Smoking. If you smoke cigarettes, you’re more likely to get rheumatoid arthritis, especially if you have a genetic susceptibility to the condition. Smoking also appears to be linked to a worsening of illness severity.

A lot of weight. Obese people tend to have a slightly greater risk of acquiring rheumatoid arthritis.

My locations

I can offer consultations in several locations across Mauritius. Some of them are:

EDUCATION

DES Medecine Interne
Universite de Poitiers

DFMSA Gastro
Universite Bordeaux

Diplome DCEM
Universite Bordeaux

Diplome Docteur
Universite de Poitiers